Steel manufacturing determines the key differences when it comes to characteristics between carbon and stainless steel. There are techniques when it comes to the process and composition of these metals. All steel begins in one same basic manufacturing process, however the materials that are being added at different points of their processes is able to effectively create differences in steel when it comes to their properties.
One of the most basic process of making steel for electronics enclosure involves the extraction of iron or smelting the iron ore. After which, it removes the excess carbon present in the material and other impurities found. After this process, the steel manufacturers use different techniques in the finishing processes to be able to manufacture and create a strong, attractive, and versatile material. The usual steelmaking process can work like this:
Different materials such as iron ore, coal, or limestone are being placed into the top of a superheated blast furnace. The molten steel is now collected at the bottom; the impurities are being collected on top of the slag that’s being drained.
The primary steelmaking stage, involves the combination of purified iron with other scrap steel by going through these processes:
Through basic oxygen furnaces, in which the high-purity oxygen is blown through the mixture of molten iron and steel to eliminate other impurities that might be present in the steel. With this in mind, this process is of steelmaking is one of the best used method when it comes to steel manufacturing.
Other method is using the electric arc furnaces, which utilizes a very huge graphite electrode for the steel to melt down the iron and remove other impurities that might be present while other raw steel material is being added to the mixture.
What comes next is the secondary steelmaking, this involves a raw molten steel being manipulated and processed just by using a wide variety of techniques. This involves a huge device called ladle. This is the stage of steel manufacturing process that involves primary procedure that creates different types of steel. One example of this is the argon-oxygen decarbonization. This is a very complicated technique that involves the removal of excess carbon composition from the stainless steel.
Once the steel purification process is now created, it is now time for the shape formation. In this step, the steel is being poured into different shapes of molds that is being created into different forms – and this totally depend on the application that will be done on the raw steel material. For example, different shapes are needed for bars, beams, sheets, and other forms of metals. The final step includes the reforming process that gives the metal its final form.